Chicago Sun-Times Editorial Board questionnaire responses
LaShonda "Shonnie" Curry
Office running for: Alderman, 7th Ward
Political/civic background: Earlier this year, I served as emcee for a press conference in support of the minimum wage increase. I have been a vocal proponent of increasing the minimum wage for working families in Chicago. For nearly a decade, I have been a community activist with Southsiders Organized for Unity and Leadership (SOUL), a non-profit organization that partners with faith and community organizations to work on social justice campaigns on the south side. With SOUL, I have been involved with campaigns to end mass incarceration, to improve the quality of public education and to bring good jobs to our community. I also founded and served as President for the Crandon Avenue Block Club. Additionally, I served as Co-Director for a mentorship program for young African-American girls called S.I.M.S.A. Campaign website: lashonda.w18.wh-2.com
Occupation: Administrator, Chicago Public Schools
Education: Lewis University, B.S. in Psychology, 1995 National Louis University, Masters in Educational Leadership, 2013
1) City Pensions
Q: Chicago's fire and police pensions are greatly underfunded, and the city is required by the state to make a $550 million payment into the pension funds by the end of 2015. Do you support restructuring the pension systems, inevitably reducing benefits, to put the funds on sound financial footing?
Yes or No:No
I do not support restructuring the current pension system prior to 2015. According to Article XIII Section 5 of the Illinois Constitution, it is unlawful to reduce benefits for current employees. Pension obligations must be met for current employees and should be reformed to sustain future employees. Pension obligations can be met by increasing revenue and by prioritizing this expense in the city’s budget. I support funding the city’s pension fund through potential revenue sources like the LaSalle Street Tax, Commuter Tax, a sales tax on large financial transactions and taxes of international business owners (those who own property and services in the US but live in other countries). I am also supportive of a progressive income tax that would increase revenue by requiring that those with higher incomes pay a larger share in taxes.
Q: Chicago's pension systems for municipal workers and laborers already have been restructured, reducing benefits, but the city has yet to identify where it will find the revenue to sufficiently fund those systems. Under what circumstances would you support a property tax increase to raise the needed revenue for the fire and police pensions and/or the municipal workers and laborers pensions?
A: Any hike in property taxes should be used to support school funding. As stated, I support funding the city’s pension fund, for municipal and laborers, through potential revenue sources like the LaSalle Street Tax, Commuter Tax, a sales tax on large financial transactions and taxes of international business owners (those who own property and services in the US but live in other countries). I am also supportive of a progressive income tax that would increase revenue by requiring that those with higher incomes pay a larger share in taxes.
2) Chicago Public Schools pensions
Q: Large and growing payments required to keep the Chicago Teachers’ Pension Fund solvent are squeezing CPS' budget, forcing cuts elsewhere and limiting investment. The Chicago Board of Education has increased property taxes, but it is not enough to keep up with the high annual costs. What measures do you support to ensure a solvent retirement system and to improve the district's finances?
A: I think an effort should be made to recoup the losses incurred due to the interest rate swap arrangements. If those resources could be recovered through re-negotiation or litigation, they could be reinvested in schools and pension obligations. I also think there should be more transparency in how TIF funds are used. Excess TIF funds should go back into supporting local school districts and ensuring that the Chicago Teachers’ Pension Fund remains solvent. Finding new sources of revenue, as mentioned above, could also stabilize the district’s finances.
Q: In light of the financial issues discussed above, do you support any or all of the following measures, each of which would require, at a minimum, approval by the Illinois Legislature?
* A statewide expansion of the sales tax base to include more consumer services
Yes or No:No
* A tax on non-Chicago residents who work in the city
Yes or No: Yes
* A tax on electronic financial transactions on Chicago’s trading exchanges, known as the “LaSalle Street tax”
Yes or No: Yes
Please explain your views, if you wish, on any of these three revenue-generating measures.
Taxation must be fair and equitable. Current tax codes tax Chicago’s working class and poor disproportionately in comparison to wealthy counterparts and corporations. A sales tax on consumer services would create another system where the cost is passed on to the consumer, absolving corporations, businesses and the wealthy.
Q: Do you support hiring more police officers to combat crime and gun violence in Chicago?
Yes or No: Yes
The CPD is understaffed and hiring additional officers should be a priority. Many communities in Chicago are underserved by the Chicago Police Department. Relying on overtime is not a sustainable solution to reducing crime in the city. Additional hiring should result in more officers patrolling beats on a regular basis to deter criminal activity in high crime areas. Also, neighborhoods that are traditionally low-crime have seen increases in crime as officers have been moved to higher crime areas. This cause and effect relationship must be equalized by hiring more officers. There also must be an effort to enact more community policing programs so that law enforcement can work in partnership with residents to reduce crime in a way that is respectful to the community.
Q: What legislation in Springfield would you support to try to stem the flow of illegal guns into Chicago?
A: I would support and advocate for the passage of Gun Trafficking Prevention Act. The passage of this Act would reduce the daily flow of illegal guns in Chicago. This Act would prosecute gun traffickers and participating parties for the sell, transfer and purchase of guns that are knowingly used in a criminal manner. The act would also prosecute those who provide false information on transaction records (e.g. straw purchase).
5) Elected school board
Q: An advisory referendum on switching Chicago to an elected school board, rather than an appointed board, is expected to be on the ballot in more than 30 wards on Feb. 24. Currently, the mayor appoints all seven board members and the Schools CEO. Do you support a change to an elected school board?
Yes or No: Yes
As a former teacher and a current administrator, I think it is imperative that Chicago switch to an elected school board. More than 96% of school districts nationwide are elected and, when asked, 77% of Chicagoans said that they want an elected school board. Vital decisions about school funding and school closings should be made by people who are elected by the people, not appointed by the Mayor. As cited by a recent Sun-Times investigation, companies Deborah Quazzo has a stake in have seen their contracts with CPS triple since she was appointed to the Chicago Board of Education. These insider deals are unacceptable and would not take place under a more democratic system. I am an educator and a strong proponent for an elected school.
6) Tax-increment financing districts
Q: TIFs are the primary economic development tool of the city. In a TIF district, taxes from the growth in property values are set aside for 23 years to be used for public projects and private development. Do you support increasing the annual TIF surplus that the mayor and the City Council have declared in each of the last few years, money that goes to the schools and other city agencies?
Yes or No:No
Q: What reforms would you propose for the city's TIF program?
A: I would require that community stakeholders be part of the decision-making process to decide how TIF funds are distributed and what projects are funded. Part of this process would be to ensure that the funds are being used to support blighted communities, as intended. TIF funding should also be coordinated with the city’s long-term capital budget so that these funds can be used to support the city’s larger objectives. I would also call for oversight of the TIF program for transparency and accountability.
7) Neighborhood economic development
Q: What would you do as alderman to boost economic development in your ward, and bring jobs to your community?
A: I would work with ward residents to draft an economic development plan. I would also engage them in a participatory budgeting process that allows them to have a voice in how allocated funds are spent. I plan to have developers, financial entities, and community members work together to craft new development initiatives and ensure that local families are the primary beneficiaries of any new development projects.
8) Size of the Chicago City Council
Q: The City Council has 50 members, but civic groups and other regularly argue for reducing the size of the Council. What should the size of the Council be? Please provide a specific number. And why?
A: In order to ensure that Chicago’s diverse communities are adequately represented, we should maintain the current number of Alderman. Any reduction to the size of City Council should be carefully constructed so that all communities are still being represented and the lines are not being drawn in a way that benefits one group at the expense of another.
9) A Chicago casino
Q: Do you support, in general concept, establishing a gambling casino in Chicago?
Yes or No: No
Please explain: While it might generate revenue, I do not think gambling or casinos are a sustainable or healthy way to improve our communities.
10) Red light and speed cameras
Q: Does the city have an acceptable number of red light and speed cameras currently, and are they properly employed?
Yes or No: Yes
Please explain: I think the speed cameras are over-employed and strike me as a petty way to generate revenue. I would reduce the number of red light and speed cameras being used, especially in communities with a larger share of people with a low-income status.
11) Ward issues
Q: What are the top three issues in your ward — the ones you talk about most on the campaign trail?
1. Reducing crime by strengthening the CAPS program and creating a community policing initiative.
2. Holding banks accountable for maintaining foreclosed properties and putting homes back on the market in a timely fashion.
3. Drafting an economic development plan in partnership with developers and community members.